Agreement Meaning in Arabic

Agreement Meaning in Arabic: Understanding Key Concepts

Agreement, also known as grammatical agreement or concord, is an essential aspect of Arabic grammar. It refers to the harmonization of various linguistic elements in a sentence to ensure that they match in gender, number, and case. In this article, we will explore the meaning of agreement in Arabic and examine key concepts that can help you master this critical aspect of the language.

What is Agreement in Arabic?

Agreement, or الآتفاق (al-a`tifaq), is the process of ensuring that certain words and phrases in a sentence match grammatically. For example, if the subject of a sentence is singular, the verb used to describe its action must also be singular. Similarly, if the noun used is feminine, the adjective that describes it must also be feminine, and so on.

Agreement in Arabic is more complex than in many other languages due to the use of gender and case endings. Nouns, adjectives, and verbs may each have up to 14 different forms to account for their specific gender, number, and case.

Key Concepts of Agreement in Arabic:

1. Gender Agreement

Arabic, like many other languages, uses gender to differentiate between masculine and feminine nouns. The gender of a noun can determine the form of the adjective or verb used to describe it. In Arabic, the gender of a noun is typically indicated by its ending. For example, the word «student» (طالب) is masculine, while the word «student» (طالبة) is feminine.

2. Number Agreement

Number agreement refers to the matching of singular and plural nouns, adjectives and verbs. In Arabic, nouns and adjectives have two forms for number – singular and plural. The singular form, as the name suggests, is used when referring to one item, while the plural form is used when referring to more than one.

For example, the word «book» (كتاب) is singular, while the word «books» (كُتُب) is plural. Similarly, the adjective «beautiful» (جَميل) has a singular form (جَميلٌ) and a plural form (جَميلَةٌ).

3. Case Agreement

Arabic uses a system of cases to clarify the role of nouns and pronouns in a sentence. The three main cases in Arabic are nominative (المرفوع), accusative (المنصوب), and genitive (المجرور).

Nouns and adjectives must agree in case with the word they modify, and verbs must agree with their subject in case. For example, the sentence «The boy reads the book» can be translated in Arabic as «الولدُ يَقرأُ الكِتابَ» (al-waldu yaqra`u al-kitaba). Here, the subject «al-waldu» (the boy) is in the nominative case, and the object «al-kitaba» (the book) is in the accusative case.


Understanding agreement in Arabic is essential for effective communication in both spoken and written forms. By mastering gender, number, and case agreement, you can use the language more effectively and with greater confidence. With practice and study, these concepts can become second nature, allowing you to express yourself with greater clarity and precision.